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英语手抄报万圣节主题-万圣之夜英语主题手抄报

时间:2019-04-20   来源:手抄报   点击:

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在西方国家,每年的10月31日为"万圣节之夜"。万圣节是西方国家的传统节日。节日之夜是一年中最"闹鬼"的一夜,所以也叫"鬼节"。那时人们相信,故人的亡魂会在这一天回到故居地在活人身上找寻生灵,借此再生,而且这是人在死后能获得再生的唯一希望。中国文库网www.chinawenwang.com 小编精心为大家整理了万圣之夜英语主题手抄报,希望对你有帮助。

  万圣之夜英语主题手抄报

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  万圣节的英文资料

  Next to Christmas, Halloween is the most commercialized celebration in the United States and Canada. This ancient festival originated far from North America however, and centuries before the first European set foot on the continent.

  The ancient Druids 督伊德教(古代高卢人与不列颠人的一种宗教)的教徒 who inhabited what we now call Great Britain placed great importance on the passing of one season to the next, holding "Fire Festivals" which were celebrated for three days (two days on either side of the day itself).

  One of these festivals was called Samhain (pronounced Sha-Von) and it took place on October 31 through to November 1. During this period, it was believed that the boundaries between our world and the world of the dead were weakened, allowing spirits of the recently dead to cross over and possess the living.

  In order to make themselves and their homes less inviting to these wayward spirits, the ancient Celts(凯尔特人)would douse (插入水中, 把弄熄, 弄湿)all their fires. There was also a secondary purpose to this, after extinguishing all their fires, they would re-light them from a common source, the Druidic fire that was kept burning at Usinach, in the Middle of Ireland.

  Samhain was considered to be a gateway not only from the land of the dead to the land of the living, but also between Summer and Fall/Winter. For the Druids, this was the last gasp (喘息, 气喘)of summer (it was also the Celtic New Year), so therefore they made sure it went out with a bang before they had to button down (把...弄清楚)for the winter ahead.

  They would dress up in bizarre costumes and parade through their villages causing destruction in order to scare off any recently departed souls who might be prowling (巡游)for bodies to inhabit, in addition to burning animals and other offerings to the Druidic deities(神, 神性). It is also a popular belief that they would burn people who they believed to be possessed, but this has largely been debunked (揭穿, 拆穿假面具, 暴露)as myth.

  This yearly festival was adopted by the Roman invaders, who helped to propagate (传播, 宣传)it throughout the rest of the world (and at that time, the Roman Empire was the world). The word "Halloween" itself actually comes from a contraction of All Hallows Eve, or All Saint's Day (November 1), which is a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints.

  This tradition was later brought to the North American continent by Irish immigrants who were escaping the Potato Famine in their homeland. In addition to the festival itself, the immigrants brought several customs with them, including one of the symbols most commonly associated with Halloween -- the Jack 'O Lantern.

  According to Irish folklore, there once lived a man named Jack who was known for being a drunk and a prankster(顽皮的人, 爱开玩笑的人). One night Jack tricked the devil into climbing a tree, and quickly carved an image of a cross on the trunk, trapping the devil. Jack then made him promise that, in exchange for letting him out of the tree, the Devil would never tempt him to sin again. He reluctantly agreed, but was able to exact his revenge upon Jack's death. Because of his mischievous ways in life, Jack was barred from entering heaven and because of his earlier trick, he was also barred from hell. So he was doomed to wander the earth until the end of time, with only a single ember(灰烬, 余烬) (carried in a hollowed out turnip.[植]芜箐, 芜箐甘蓝) to warm him and light his way.

  万圣夜活动

  不给糖就捣乱(Trick-or-treat)

  万圣夜的主要活动是"不给糖就捣乱"(Trick-or-treating)。小孩装扮成各种恐怖样子,逐门逐户按响邻居的门铃,大叫:"Trick or Treat!"(意即不请客就捣乱),主人家(可能同样穿着恐怖服装)便会拿出一些糖果、巧克力或是小礼物。部分家庭甚至使用声音特效和制烟机器营造恐怖气氛。小孩一晚取得的糖果往往以袋计算,整袋整袋的搬回家。

  在苏格兰,小孩要糖果时会说:"The sky is blue, the grass is green, may we have our Halloween."(天是蓝色,草是绿色,齐来庆祝万圣节前夜),然后以唱歌跳舞等表演来博得糖果。

  传统的万圣夜服饰包括僵尸、鬼魂、巫婆、恶魔等。典型的服饰时盖着一块剪了两个眼孔的布扮鬼。在19世纪的苏格兰和爱尔兰,当时的人认为万圣节前夜鬼魂会来到人间,故会打扮得与鬼魂一样,让鬼魂把自己当成同类。近年,万圣节前夜的装扮已不限于恐怖,而可以作任何打扮,如扮成电视剧或电影明星,以及公众人物,例如政治家。2004年适逢美国总统选举,乔治·布什和克里成为美国流行的万圣节前夜打扮。而2001年九一一袭击事件后,消防员、警察等成为小孩的扮演对象。据估计,2004年有大约215万个美国小孩装扮成蜘蛛侠,是当年最受欢迎的打扮。[1] 在美国、加拿大和墨西哥很普遍。计划于1950年推出,筹款小钱箱通过学校分发予小孩,让小孩讨糖果时顺便募集捐款。据估计,推出以来已筹得超过1.19亿美元。

  研究机构 BIGresearch 曾为美国全国零售联盟进行调查,发现53.3%的顾客会为2005年万圣节前夜购物,平圴消费额38.11美元,较去年高10美元,以此推算,美国消费者为2005年万圣节支出的金额高达33亿美元。

  其他活动

  此外,还有"咬苹果游戏"(bobbing for apples),参加者设法只用嘴巴咬起漂浮在水上的苹果。

  在爱尔兰,有一种传统占卜游戏,参加者蒙着眼,从放着几个小碟的桌上选出其中一只,如摸到的碟盛有泥土,代表来年会有与参加者有关的人过身,如盛有水代表会远行,盛有钱币代表会发财,盛有豆代表会穷困,等等。在19世纪的爱尔兰,少女会在洒有面粉的碟上放蛞蝓,而蛞蝓爬行的痕迹会是少女将来丈夫的模样。

  在北美,传说如果未婚女子在万圣夜坐在黑暗的房间中,便可以在镜中看见未来丈夫的样貌。不过,如果她们将于结婚前死去,镜中便会出现一个头骨。这个习俗自19世纪后期已经非常流行,也有相关的贺卡售卖。

  说鬼故事及看恐怖片是万圣夜派对中常见的活动。以万圣夜为主题的电视特辑通常在万圣夜假期当天或之前播放,对象多数是儿童

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